Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Quick and Dirty Reinstall of Windows 10 on XPS 13

I just wanted to share this super easy and dirty way to do a clean reinstall on an OEM-installed XPS 13 (in this case it was the XPS but can be any OEM Windows 10).

  1. Use Johan's instructions on creating a fresh ISO of newest Windows 10: http://deploymentresearch.com/Research/Post/399/How-to-REALLY-create-a-Windows-10-ISO-no-3rd-party-tools-needed
  2. Create a bootable USB key
    1. Diskpart
      1. list disk
      2. select disk 1
      3. clean
      4. cre part pri
      5. format fs=fat32 quick
      6. assign
      7. active
    2. Mount the ISO (in this case shows up as e:\)
    3. xcopy e:\*.* f:\ /cherkyi
  3. On the OEM-installed XPS 13Run in PowerShell "Export-WindowsDriver -Online -Destination d:\drivers" while you have the USB key as D:\ on it
    1. This exports all 3rd party drivers to the USB
  4. Mount the install.wim with dism to add the drivers to the Windows image itself
    1. copy d:\install.wim c:\temp
    2. dism /mount-wim /wimfile:install.wim /index:1 /mountdir:mount
    3. Dism /Image:C:\temp\mount /Add-Driver /Driver:d:\drivers /Recurse
    4. dism /unmount-wim /mountdir:mount /commit
    5. copy /y install.wim d:\sources\ (or replace with other means)
  5. (You can repeat the previous for the D:\Sources\Boot.wim if you want to skip steps 7 & 8) 
  6. Boot the new machine with the USB
  7. If you can't find the disk so do the following
    1. Hit Shift+F10 to get to the command prompt
    2. Change to your drivers folder like c:\Drivers
    3. Run "for /r %i in (*.inf) do drvload "%i"
  8. Refresh the disk view
  9. Clean the disks and install Windows 10
So what this does is takes all needed drivers from the preinstalled OS and makes sure your new OS (and WinPE if you did the step 5) has the same drivers :) Your Device Manager should look quite nice without any additional steps!

Cheers,

Sami

2 comments:

  1. "Keeping the old Windows is sometimes desireable or even necessary : if your data on other partitions or disk is on NTFS and you keep it that way, it works fine but linux doesn’t seem to have a “disk checking” for NTFS (in other terms file system checking, which a fsck.ntfs command would do if only it existed).

    So an old Vista, 7 etc. can be kept around even if only used for checking the NTFS partition(s) ; best is to either still boot the Windows from time to time to apply the updates (that is slow) or disconnect all networking (unplug network cable and/or disable network cards) and run something like chkdsk /F D: on the command line (or right-click on drives in “my computer”, that does the same thing anyway)

    Corruption of NTFS file system is pretty rare but that can happen with hard crashes or power outages/interrupting power while the disk is writing.
    Migrating all data to ext4 (or ext3) would be better, but that can require buying a new hard drive to copy the data over (if you have a spare or external smaller hard drive, you can copy the most important data and discard/delete the unimportant or useless data). Then format your NTFS partition to ext4, which destroys all the data on it. Then copy the data back.
    We should all have an additional or external big HDD to serve as a backup for our data, but we dont’t always do.

    That was a long-ish write up but I thought it’s something to consider. Also even if you get rid of everything NTFS and Windows on your hard drives (or want to), support for checking external (USB) NTFS hard drives might be something to consider.
    I’m glad my Windows 7 partition is “small” (19GB). I eventually forgot I had one.. but over the years, I had to “repair” my huge NTFS paritition about twice and thus had to boot Windows to fix some messed up files and folders.

    "Regards: Eve Hunt

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